Breaking the 5th Wall

Federated and Free

Ryan Jrvinen
Open Platform Evangelist at Red Hat

Distributed and Decentralized Application Architectures


When you’re using the cloud, plan for failure.

Welcome to Cloud City?

Who owns your data? Maybe not you.

Can your data be exported in an open format?

Terms of Service

  • No negotiation
  • Can change at any moment
  • You may be banned without warning

Who Brokers your Identity?

  • Your email?
  • Google / Apple?
  • Your phone company?
  • Credit Agencies / your SSN?
  • Facebook / LinkedIn / Twitter (You’re the product)?
  • github

Open Protocol for Decentralized Identity on the Web

Identity Standards

  • OpenID
  • OAuth
  • OAuth2
  • BrowserID / Persona

Open Protocols, but currently access control is still generally centralized

What is our switching cost?

Stockholm Syndrome about our current options.

As a consumer, seek out utilities that specialize in serving my interests.

  • Cell phone contracts
  • Does your ISP prioritize their own video streaming solution over other data sharing the same wire?
  • Businesses that develop and adopt standards, focus on building communities.


  • Your are the customer
  • Incentive profit that is well aligned to the interests of their customers
  • Is advertising a valid form of monetization? (opt-in? personalized?)
  • Can I host my own? Is there lock-in?
  • Is it a walled garden?
  • Will it ever reach critical mass?
    • If it does, will it become too big to fail?
  • Platform and product are still tightly coupled.

OpenShift Online from RedHat

Open Source The Cloud

  1. OS - liberated!
  2. Infrastructure - liberated! (OpenStack, RDO)
  3. Platform - liberated! (OpenShift, CloudFoundary)
  4. Integrate with OpenStack or other open systems to use your existing identity, authentication, authorization services.

Establishing a Protocol

Other Formats / Standards / Projects to keep an eye on

  • RSS 3.0
  • Activity Streams 3.0
  • GNU Social


  • Disk encryption
  • File encryption
  • Network i/o encryption

Who controls the lines of transmission?

Fully Homomorphic Encryption

  • Support for blind processing operations
  • Data stays encrypted while being transacted upon